The long history of this city dates easly back to the seventh century, when as Mauritanian trading post on the river Bou Regreg it was the centre of commerce for the West coast of Africa. The city went through many changes of hands after these times from the Carthaginians to the Romans before it was used as a fortress with the name of Ribat El Fath in the 12th century by Yacoub El Mansour in his conquest of Spain.
For the next 300 years the city fell into its dark ages as the Moor empire was destroyed by the European countries. By the 15 century only the Oudayas Kasbah was still inhabited. A law by Phillip II of Spain in 1609, expelled the Moors from his kingdom and obliged thousands of Andalucians to go to Morocco. They then built a new city to the south of the Kasbah, enclosing it with Almohade wall, which still surrounds the medina today.
Then in 1912, General Lyautey, France's first resident general in Morocco, made the decision to once again relieve Marrakech of its capital status and pass it over to Rabat. From this time onwards Rabat was the undisputed capital off Morocco.
Here in the maze of streets and squares making up the city including; the Oudayas Kasbah, The Medina, Mausolum Mohammed V, Tour Hassan and The Royal Palace where you can see and smell flora collected from the four corners of the world giving a feeling of relaxation and security to the residence of the King and the center of Moroccan government.
The beaches of Harhoura, Temara, Sables d'Or, Sid Abed,Val d'Or, Kasbah, Rose Marie, Skhirat and Bouznika are the surf spots of Rabat
The 45 holes of Royal Golf Dar Es-Salam is where the Hassan II Trophy tees off each year.